The Benefits Of Organic Farming Are Proportional To Its Cultivation Costs

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Organic farming needs more human labor than traditional farming; the cost is 30% higher in Europe. However, if one considers how damaging conventional farming is to the environment, organic farming ends up being far more advantageous and desired in the long term. These studies have previously been done in Europe, where the cost-benefit analysis favors organic farming. Such research is still scarce in India. However, because labor costs are significantly lower and input prices are lower, organic farming will have expenses comparable to those of conventional farming.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Organic Farming | PVN Smart World

In India, organic farming is still in its infancy. As of March 2020, 2.78 million hectares of cropland were being farmed organically. This amounts to 2% of the nation’s total net sown area of 140.1 million hectares.

In India, Sikkim is the only fully organic state. Only a small portion of the net planted land in the majority of the states is used for organic farming. Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Maharashtra are the top three states with the most land used for organic farming. Only about 4.9, 2.0, and 1.6% of the net sown area respectively of these three states is used for organic farming.

In MY 2020/2021, organic crop production raised-up by 36% from its previous year and reached 3.2 million metric tons (APEDA reported). Oilseeds, fiber crops, sugar, cereals, and millet are the major organic crops being produced in India.

The supply of organic food is constrained compared to demand. Due to increased labor inputs per unit of output, organic food production costs are often higher. Several companies make it impossible to obtain economies of scale. Costs get increased when managing relatively small amounts of organic food after harvest. The requirement of separating conventional and organic products brought a lean period that had no source of income. Particularly during processing and shipping, the tools and machinery are not cost-effective.

Organic product marketing and the supply chain are often less effective as the low volume expenses are greater. Prices for organic food take into account a number of other elements that are not included in the cost of conventional food, in addition to the cost of producing the food itself. Costs associated with environmental improvement such as protection and avoiding additional expenditures related to pollution mitigation are also considered. 

The higher costs of organic cash crops make up for the lower financial gains during rotating periods required to increase soil fertility. They are required to uphold stricter guidelines for the care of animals.

Farmers are aligned to minimize health concerns brought on by improper pesticide usage. Future medical bills can be avoided. Expenditure associated with the rural development that results from creating more agricultural jobs and ensuring adequate income gets subsumed in the organic farming processes.

The study concluded that organic farming benefits are more proportional to farmers’ cost-effectiveness than chemical farming. However, the range in earnings for large and small groundnut and red gram producers is less. Electronic media is the main driver for farmers to adopt organic farming, according to an examination of their perceptions of the practice. All of the organic farmers had been using this approach for more than six years. Farmers who practice organic farming thought that, over time, it would increase soil fertility and profitability. They voiced the opinion that certification is a highly expensive and complex procedure. If they were certified, they could be able to sell their products for more money. 

Organic farmers stated that targeted support services and awareness programs would be appreciated. The need for government support services for marketing their goods through niche markets is essential. Technological advancements and economies of scale should lower the costs of producing, processing, distributing, and organic marketing produce as demand for organic food and goods has risen.

ABHIJEET ANAND

Sociologist, Engineer, and Content writer

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