China’s Aggressive Approach Post-Pelosi Visit To Taiwan: Why Is Taiwan So Important To China?

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According to China’s foreign ministry, Nancy Pelosi’s visit to Taiwan disrupted the peace and tranquility of the Taiwan Strait and violated China’s sovereignty and territorial integrity.

China’s military launches air and sea exercises near Taiwan amid Pelosi’s visit | CNN

The People’s liberation army declared aggressive drives and missile launches and circled Taiwan minutes after she arrived. According to a Reuters report mentioning Taiwan’s defense ministry, some of China’s scheduled military drills were to occur within Taiwan’s 12 nautical mile maritime and air boundaries. According to a senior defense official, it “amounts to a naval and air blockade of Taiwan,” he told reporters.

Taiwan, sometimes referred to as the ROC(Republic of China), is an island situated across the Taiwan Strait from mainland China. Since 1949, it has been run separately from the rest of China as the People’s Republic of China (PRC). The PRC declares that Taiwan will one day “unify” with the mainland and sees the island as a renegade province. Political leaders in Taiwan, a country with a population of 23 million and a democratically elected government, hold contrasting opinions about the status of the island and its ties to the mainland.

There are several nations with different identification zones, including India. It is the internationally recognized nations in its neighborhood that keep an eye out for threats to national security and provide early warning. The government must be amended before an aircraft from another nation enters the ADIZ, but China never notifies Taiwan.

This has happened 1,765 times since September 2020. Since China no longer recognizes Taiwan as an independent nation, it has severed ties with those nations that do. There is a large list of areas that China claims as its own, including the Senkaku Islands, Arunachal Pradesh, and Aksai Chin. Taiwan, however, is currently of particular importance to China.

In 1995–1996 Taiwan and China last came dangerously close to a military confrontation. China began launching missiles into the strait at the time and engaging in military drills. After an eight-month conflict, China ceased bombing Taiwan after the US stepped in to defend Taiwan.

Since 1979, the United States has officially adhered to the one-China policy. It is based on several texts, including the 1979 Taiwan Relations Act and three communiqués between the United States and China that were signed in 1972, 1978, and 1982. When Donald Trump became president, he spoke with Taiwan’s president and dispatched top government officials to Taipei, which led to the split in relations.

When Joe Biden was elected president, he went one step further and was the first leader to invite a delegation from Taiwan to his inauguration. According to his administration, American support for Taiwan is “rock-solid.”

There’s only one China in the world, China said. Taiwan is an inalienable part of Chinese land. The US executive branch must put an end to the congressional delegation’s travel to Taiwan since China has always opposed it.

Since Speaker Pelosi is currently in charge of the US Congress, her visit to and involvement in Taiwan—in whatever capacity and for whatever objectives—represents a significant political provocation to enhance US official interactions with Taiwan. 

The most traded product around the world is integrated circuits. About $670 billion was traded globally in 2020. Of that, Taiwan accounts for one-fifth. Exports increased by 79% between 2015 and 2020.

90 % of the market for producing cutting-edge semiconductors that power computers and phones is controlled by Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Corporation, the largest chip manufacturer in the world. Apple, Sony, Nvidia, and AMD are included among their clients.

China has been working to become independent of foreign advanced chip suppliers. Taiwan alone accounts for 30% of it, which is almost as much as it spends on imported integrated circuits as on oil. If China were to take over Taiwan, it might effectively control one of the most significant sectors and 40% of global chip exports.

Taiwan is reliant on China for its economic growth as well. China is Taiwan’s top export market, accounting for 28% of total exports. But what’s intriguing is that Taiwan benefits from the trade balance. Finally, due to its strategic location, China’s control of Taiwan might offer it an advantage in the Western Pacific, bringing it closer to the US doorstep.

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