Career As A Judge In India: Is This Career Full Of Opportunities?

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Did you know that the judge holds the highest and most prestigious post in India’s legal and judicial system? Judges rule on legal issues, serve as a mediator between the disputing parties, and make decisions in legal cases in an impartial manner in the interest of justice. A career in the same is prestigious enough. Do you want to have a career as a judge? Want to know how to get started? Read on to find out!

Who Is A Judge?

Depending on the jurisdiction, a judge presides over court proceedings either alone, with a panel of judges, or with a jury. With greater administrative authority, judges are in charge of criminal, federal, constitutional, and high-priority cases. All witnesses must be heard, all evidence must be examined, and both the prosecutor’s and the defendant’s arguments must be heard before the judge makes an opinion and provides a decision. 

Politics always plays a role in the appointment or election of judges. Judges have different responsibilities, methods of appointment, rules of conduct, and training depending on their jurisdictions and authority. They are entrusted with various activities both within and outside the courtroom, as well as significant duties and responsibilities to work for the nation’s welfare.

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Responsibilities Of A Judge

These are a judge’s primary responsibilities:

  • A judge must be impartial and fair, acting solely in the interests of justice and never in the interests of friends or family.
  • A judge should refrain from employing a contentious tone or attitude when speaking to counsel, a party, or a witness.
  • Both parties must be heard by the judge (prosecution and defense).
  • In criminal court, a judge must assess whether criminal defendants are guilty or innocent and must also inflict punishments on those who are.

Advantages Of Career As A Judge

The fact that you have a lot of control over the Judge is one of your biggest advantages. He is the one who determines if a person is guilty or not. He will always be able to influence the final decision.

  • The ability to send people to jail who truly deserve it allows the judge to have a good daily impact on many lives.
  • All of this can give judges the impression that they are extremely important and that they have the ability to transform the nation in the direction they like. He can make the world more equitable by punishing those who broke the law.
  • Being a judge may be a fun and engaging job. You will adapt a lot, especially in your first years, and you will frequently be eager to go to work because you won’t ever know what’s in store for you.
  • Since each person is different and unpredictable, no day will truly seem to be the same. In fact, you may occasionally even experience a miracle as a result of what is taking place inside.
  • Since the work entails dealing with a variety of persons and cases, the judge might not get tired of it.
  • In society, judges are highly regarded and held to high standards. They hold a very respectable position and are regarded as upstanding members of society. The people in society value what they do very highly.
  • The judge can enjoy himself and his family’s company. The Judge only has one specific period of time to work during the week; weekends are off. Unlike many other jobs, his requires him to never work at night. The Judge has plenty of free time as a result. A good work-life balance is present.
  • Numerous people are available to help you with your work once you have been appointed a judge. The Judge is surrounded by a lot of people who can perform fairly nefarious tasks for you. In fact, he will frequently be at the top of the pyramid and has the authority to assign others to tasks you don’t like.
  • He will also assist you with various tasks in your professional life as a judge who can really focus on what matters. This suggests that you can actually finish things and use your time as effectively as possible.
  • Judges also benefit from relatively stable employment. In many places, judges cannot be removed from office unless they make serious mistakes or even purposefully make poor judgments.
  • This means that while many lawyers and other professionals must worry about losing their jobs in times of financial crisis, you will frequently be protected as a passed judgment and don’t need to worry about being fired so much.
  • The judge can save enough money for retirement to avoid being destitute in their old age. As an adjudicator, he will be paid well, which will allow him to save a sizable sum of money for retirement.

Thus, while many people in your current state of the world suffer from the negative effects of old age poverty, you will actually want to live rather peacefully and won’t need to worry about money that much as you get older, at least if you manage your money well and don’t spend it all on things that you don’t really need and that lose value quickly.

Disadvantages Of Career As A Judge

  • Being a judge has numerous benefits, but there are also many drawbacks. They deal with various issues while serving as judges.
  • A judge renders judgment and offers his opinion on a variety of issues. On one side, there will always be individuals who enjoy and support what the judge said, and on the other, there will also be others who are vehemently opposed to the judge’s judgment and opinion. Those opposed may begin disparaging the judge for his opinion.
  • In addition to this, a judge is accountable for the justice of all citizens and must ensure that no law enters the nation that violates anyone’s rights. As a result of this significant responsibility, the Judges are under a great deal of mental stress.
  • A judge might break under pressure, and he might not be able to take it. The job requires a lot of physical and emotional energy; therefore, a judge might not be as happy with his work as he seems to be.
  • Even becoming a junior judge involves a lot of effort. Numerous years of schooling are necessary, in addition to maintaining outstanding grades.
  • In addition to a college education that leads to a qualifying degree, substantial practical experience is also necessary.
  • Even if many individuals are available to help you once you become a judge, the judge must still do a significant amount of paperwork. To make an accurate decision, a judge must spend several hours becoming familiar with the facts of the case and simply reading the documents.
  • One of the main issues is that you can be threatened by others, which could lead to tense days and nights. There is a possibility that the individuals the judge sent to the prison may subsequently assault him after he has left.
  • There is a perpetual worry that one will make a poor choice that will ultimately ruin their life. In some situations, a person’s entire life may depend on the justice they receive, and even one bad judgment on the part of the judge could be fatal.
  • Humans are known to make mistakes, but a judge’s error could result in an innocent person spending the rest of her/his life behind bars, which would undermine public confidence in the branch of the legal system that delivers justice.

Types Of Job Roles For A Judge

The following are the many work duties that someone who wants to be a judge can take into consideration:

  • High Court Judge 
  • Civil Judge 
  • Sessions Judge 
  • Supreme Court Judge 
  • District Judge
  • Author

Salary Of A Judge

Judges make an average annual pay of Rs. 13,25,000. Depending on the person and the work profile, the number may differ.

Entry Level Salary per annum– Rs 7,00,000

Mid Level Salary per annum– Rs 10,00,000

Senior Level Salary per annum– Rs 30, 00,000 [1]

Benefits And Allowances Of A Judge

A judge is entitled to a number of monthly allowances in addition to the monthly income, which are listed below:

  • Allowance for housing rent
  • travel funding
  • Electricity bill, phone bill, 
  • vehicle upkeep
  • retirement pension

Courses You Should Take To Become A Judge

A candidate must have solid legal knowledge in order to become a judge. The appropriate courses that can aid a candidate in developing the necessary set of legal abilities are listed below.

  • Integrated LLBS (5 years)
  • LLB (3 years)
  • LLM

Best Law Colleges In India

The main and first step in becoming a judge is earning a degree in law, specifically an LLB or LLM. There are numerous universities & schools in India that prepare you to be an effective judge and lawyer. The top law schools in India are listed below:

  1. National Law School of India University, Banglore
  2. National Law University, Delhi
  3. NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad
  4. Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
  5. National Law University, Rajasthan
  6. The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences
  7. Symbiosis Law School. Pune
  8. Jamia Milia Islamia, Delhi
  9. The Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Punjab

Important Exams To Become A Judge In India 

One must take the Judicial Services Examination, also known as the PCS (J)-Provincial Civil Service-Judicial Examination, in order to join the Indian Judicial Services. Law graduates who want to work in the subordinate judiciary as practicing members must pass the PCS-J test.

Only through this exam may a recent law school grad become a judge of the Subordinate Court. After passing this test. The Judicial Services Examinations come in two varieties: Higher Judicial Services (HJS) against Lower Judicial Services (LJS) (HJS)

Eligibility Criteria To Become A Judge Of The Supreme Court Of India

The supreme court, also known as the Apex court, is India’s top court, where judges are chosen by the president and have broad authority.

The following requirements must be met to become a Supreme Court judge:

  1. The person must be an Indian national.
  2. An LLB or LLM is required.
  3. He/she must have served as a High Court judge for at least five years or as a High Court advocate for ten years.
  4. A person is additionally qualified if they are an excellent jurist in the president’s opinion.

Eligibility Criteria To Become A Judge Of A High Court Of India

The state’s supreme court is in charge of its judicial system.

The following are the requirements to become a judge in the High Court:

  1. A person must be an Indian national.
  2. An LLB or LLM is required.
  3. He/she must have served in a judicial capacity in India for 10 years or served as a high court advocate for 10 years.

Eligibility Criteria To Become A Judge Of A Subordinate Court In India

Subordinate courts are the ones that operate at the district level. The following are the requirements to become a judge in a subordinate court:

  1. The candidate must hold an LLB or LLM degree.
  2. He or she has to be successful on the state Public Service Commission’s test.

A Word From Lawzik 

Judging is a fantastic professional choice for law graduates, to sum up. It bestows authority, reputation, the opportunity to serve the country, as well as several material and intangible advantages. Still, from studying for the judicial exams to becoming a judge, this career demands a lot of effort and commitment.


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